“You do not will unless Allah Wills.”وَمَا تَشَآءُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَآءَ اللهُ

A faction that is attributed to Amin Shaykhu, those whom their leader today is ^Abdul-Hadi Al-Baniyy, the one who is in Damascus claimed that the Will of Allah follows the will of the slave. So the meaning of the ayah يضل من يشاء ويهدي من يشاء according to them is that if the slave willed the guidance then Allah Willed the guidance for him, and if the slave willed to go astray, then Allah will Misguide him. So they have belied the verse:

﴿وَمَا تَشَآءُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَآءَ اللهُ﴾

[which means] “You do not will unless Allah Wills.”  If some of them try to use a verse in the Qur’an to prove the opposite of this meaning, it is said to them that all the verses in the Qur’an verify each other and do not contradict. There is no verse in the Qur’an contradictory to another verse, and this is not an issue of abrogation, because abrogation does not apply to the convictions.  Also, abrogation does not dictate contradiction, and abrogation does not apply to information; rather, it applies to the order and prohibition. Abrogation is only the clarification of the expiration of the judgment of a previously revealed verse by the judgment of a subsequently revealed verse. Beyond that, this group does not believe in abrogation.

Among their strange stupidity is their interpretation of the Saying of Allah the Exalted:

﴿وَعَلَّمَ ءَادَمَ الأَسْمآءَ كُلَّهَا﴾

[which means] “Allah Taught Adam the names of all the things.” They said this means that Allah Taught Adam the Perfect Names of Allah. Had it been said to them that had these names been the Perfect Names of Allah, Allah would not have Said after that:

﴿فَلَمَّآ أَنْبَأَهُم بِأَسْمآئِهِم﴾

[which means] “…so when he informed them of their names,”  and instead He would have Said, “When he informed them of My Names,” they would be silenced. Despite that, they will insist on their ignorance and their perversion of the Qur’an.

Al-Hakim, may Allah the Exalted have Mercy on him, narrated that ^Aliyy Ar-Rida, the son of Musa Al-Kadhim, was sitting in the Rawdah [of the Masjid of the Prophet] wrapped in wool, and he was a young man; the people were asking him while the shaykhs of the scholars were in the Masjid. He was asked about the Qadar, and so he said that Allah Said:

﴿إِنَّ الْمُجْرِمِينَ فِي ضَلَالٍ وَسُعُرٍ * يَوْمَ يُسْحَبُونَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَىٰ وُجُوهِهِمْ ذُوقُوا مَسَّ سَقَرَ * إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ﴾

[which means] “Certainly the criminals [i.e., blasphemers] are in a state of misguidance and destruction. The day when they will be dragged in Hellfire on their faces, [it is said to them] “Taste of the touch of Hell.” Certainly We Created everything by Qadar.

Then Ar-Rida said, “My father used to mention from the route of his father that the Leader of the Believers, ^Aliyy, used to say: ‘Certainly Allah Created everything by Qadar, even stupidity and intelligence. And to Him is the all-inclusive Will, and from Him is the ability to do the good deeds or refrain from the bad deeds.’” So the slaves are driven to do what occurs from them by their choice, not by compulsion and coercion like a feather stuck in the wind, the wind taking it left and right, as said by the Jabriyyah.[1]

Had Allah not Created the sins of the sinners, the blasphemy of the blasphemers, the belief of the believers and the obedience of the obedient, He would not have Created Paradise and Hell.


[1] A deviant faction that denied that the slave has a will.