The scholars said that it is an obligation to know thirteen attributes of Allah. What are these attributes?
It is a personal obligation upon every accountable person to know thirteen of Allah’s attributes, which are mentioned many times in the Qur’an and hadith, either explicitly or implicitly. These are:
1- Existence (al-Wujud),
2- Oneness (al-Wahdaniyyah),
3- Eternity (al-Qidam), i.e., “al-‘Azaliyyah”
4- Everlastingness (al-Baqa’),
5- Non-neediness of others (al-Qiyam bin-Nafs),
6- Power (al-Qudrah),
7- Will (al-’Iradah),
8- Knowledge (al-^Ilm),
9- Hearing (as-Sam^),
10- Sight (al-Basar),
11- Life (al-Hayah),
12- Speech (Al-Kalam)
13- Non-Resemblance to creations (al-Mukhalafatu lil-hawadith).